File permissions on Linux/Unix with .NET Core

At the moment, there is no built in API in .NET Core for this. However, the .NET Core team is working to make Mono.Posix available on .NET Core. This exposes API to do this kind of operation in managed code. See and You can try an early version of this API here:

    var unixFileInfo = new Mono.Unix.UnixFileInfo("test.txt");
    // set file permission to 644
    unixFileInfo.FileAccessPermissions =
        FileAccessPermissions.UserRead | FileAccessPermissions.UserWrite
        | FileAccessPermissions.GroupRead
        | FileAccessPermissions.OtherRead;

If you don't want to use Mono.Posix, you can implement this same functionality by invoking native code. Using P/Invoke, you can call the chmod function from libc. See man 2 chmod for more details on the native API.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using static System.Console;

class Program
    [DllImport("libc", SetLastError = true)]
    private static extern int chmod(string pathname, int mode);

    // user permissions
    const int S_IRUSR = 0x100;
    const int S_IWUSR = 0x80;
    const int S_IXUSR = 0x40;

    // group permission
    const int S_IRGRP = 0x20;
    const int S_IWGRP = 0x10;
    const int S_IXGRP = 0x8;

    // other permissions
    const int S_IROTH = 0x4;
    const int S_IWOTH = 0x2;
    const int S_IXOTH = 0x1;

    static void Main(string[] args)
        WriteLine("Setting permissions to 0755 on");
        const int _0755 =
            S_IRUSR | S_IXUSR | S_IWUSR
            | S_IRGRP | S_IXGRP
            | S_IROTH | S_IXOTH;
        WriteLine("Result = " + chmod(Path.GetFullPath(""), (int)_0755));

        WriteLine("Setting permissions to 0644 on sample.txt");
        const int _0644 =
            S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR
            | S_IRGRP
            | S_IROTH;
        WriteLine("Result = " + chmod(Path.GetFullPath("sample.txt"), _0644));

        WriteLine("Setting permissions to 0600 on secret.txt");
        const int _0600 = S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR;
        WriteLine("Result = " + chmod(Path.GetFullPath("secret.txt"), _0600));

I solved this problem by just starting a new process and executing bash chmod commands.


public static void Exec(string cmd)
    var escapedArgs = cmd.Replace("\"", "\\\"");
    using var process = new Process
        StartInfo = new ProcessStartInfo
            RedirectStandardOutput = true,
            UseShellExecute = false,
            CreateNoWindow = true,
            WindowStyle = ProcessWindowStyle.Hidden,
            FileName = "/bin/bash",
            Arguments = $"-c \"{escapedArgs}\""


and then:

Exec("chmod 644 /path/to/file.txt");

You can also use this Exec method to run any other type of bash commands.

Here is a simple chmod function that you can use in c# with no depencencies.

// Returns true if success and false otherwise
// permissions can be an int or a string. For example it can also be +x, -x etc..
bool Chmod(string filePath, string permissions = "700", bool recursive = false)
        string cmd;
        if (recursive)
            cmd = $"chmod -R {permissions} {filePath}";
            cmd = $"chmod {permissions} {filePath}";

            using (Process proc = Process.Start("/bin/bash", $"-c \"{cmd}\""))
                return proc.ExitCode == 0;
            return false;

Similar approach as the one suggested by @kspearrin, but using CliWrap for simplicity:

public static async ValueTask SetPermissionsAsync(string filePath, string permissions) =>
    await Cli.Wrap("/bin/bash")
        .WithArguments(new[] {"-c", $"chmod {permissions} {filePath}"})

Handles escaping, errors, etc. automatically.