Vim - surround comment line with comment character

11 8 7 keystrokes


Yp - duplicate current line, leaving the cursor at the lower of the two
V - enter visual line mode
k - go up and select both lines
r# - replace every selected character with #. Leaves visual mode and leaves cursor at the upper line.
p - put the yanked line (the original) on the next line.

(thanks to doorknob for reminding Y=yy)

16 15 14 keystrokes


The straight-forward approach: duplicate the line, replace all characters with #, copy the the result and paste it above.

I'm counting P and : as one keystroke each (instead of two for Shift+p or Shift+;). That being said, the question specifies to count "commands", where I'm not sure how to count the substitution.