Running a Python script from PHP
I recommend using
passthru and handling the output buffer directly:
ob_start(); passthru('/usr/bin/python2.7 /srv/http/assets/py/switch.py arg1 arg2'); $output = ob_get_clean();
Tested on Ubuntu Server 10.04. I hope it helps you also on Arch Linux.
In PHP use shell_exec function:
Execute command via shell and return the complete output as a string.
It returns the output from the executed command or NULL if an error occurred or the command produces no output.
<?php $command = escapeshellcmd('/usr/custom/test.py'); $output = shell_exec($command); echo $output; ?>
Into Python file
test.py, verify this text in first line: (see shebang explain):
If you have several versions of Python installed, /usr/bin/env will ensure the interpreter used is the first one on your environment's $PATH. The alternative would be to hardcode something like #!/usr/bin/python; that's ok, but less flexible.
In Unix, an executable file that's meant to be interpreted can indicate what interpreter to use by having a #! at the start of the first line, followed by the interpreter (and any flags it may need).
If you're talking about other platforms, of course, this rule does not apply (but that "shebang line" does no harm, and will help if you ever copy that script to a platform with a Unix base, such as Linux, Mac, etc).
This applies when you run it in Unix by making it executable (chmod +x myscript.py) and then running it directly: ./myscript.py, rather than just python myscript.py
To make executable a file on unix-type platforms:
chmod +x myscript.py
Also Python file must have correct privileges (execution for user www-data / apache if PHP script runs in browser or curl)
and/or must be "executable". Also all commands into
.py file must have correct privileges.
Taken from php manual:
Just a quick reminder for those trying to use shell_exec on a unix-type platform and can't seem to get it to work. PHP executes as the web user on the system (generally www for Apache), so you need to make sure that the web user has rights to whatever files or directories that you are trying to use in the shell_exec command. Other wise, it won't appear to be doing anything.
If you want to know the return status of the command and get the entire
stdout output you can actually use
$command = 'ls'; exec($command, $out, $status);
$out is an array of all lines.
$status is the return status. Very useful for debugging.
If you also want to see the
stderr output you can either play with proc_open or simply add
2>&1 to your
$command. The latter is often sufficient to get things working and way faster to "implement".