C++ Core Guidelines for static member variables

Personally, I don't see the resemblance between my code and the sample code in the core guidelines

You have a single variable that is accessible to every thread, hidden from users of Example. The only difference to an ordinary global variable is that it is private, i.e. you can't use the name Example::examples_ to refer to it outside of Example.


The rule is "avoid", not "don't use."

The "correct" way of implementing this functionality might be how you have it, but I strongly suggest you rework "each object needs access to information from all the other objects to perform some calculations" so that you pass a std::vector<const Example*> to where it is needed, having kept track of all the relevant (and especially alive) Examples where they are used.

Alternative: [...] Another solution is to define the data as the state of some object and the operations as member functions.

Warning: Beware of data races: If one thread can access non-local data (or data passed by reference) while another thread executes the callee, we can have a data race. Every pointer or reference to mutable data is a potential data race.

What you've done is fine. This is literally the purpose of class-static. Some people would recommend alternatives, for unrelated reasons, which may be worth considering… but not because of anything clang-tidy is telling you here.

You've run into clang-tidy bug #48040. You can see this because it's wrong in its messaging: the vector is not "globally accessible", at least not in the sense of access rules, since it's marked private (though it's globally present across translation units, which is fine).

Your code doesn't relate to the cited core guideline.

A possible solution is to force each client that accesses Example::examples_ to go through a function. Then put examples as a static variable into that function. That way the object will be created the first time the function is called - independent of any global object construction order.

// Header file:
class Example {
    std::vector<const Example*>& examples();
// Cpp file:
std::vector<Example *>& Example::examples()
    static std::vector<Example *> examples_;
    return examples_;
Example::Example() {
    // intialization
void Example::DoCalc() {
    for (auto example : examples()) {
        // do stuff

Of course if you are sure that you have no problem with global objects and are sure that no other global object is accessing Examples::examples_ during its construction, you can ignore the warning. It is just a guideline, you don't need to follow it strictly.

As Asteroids With Wings noted the guideline I.2 does not apply to your code. But please note that the CoreGuidelines intend to ban static members as well, see To-do: Unclassified proto-rules:

avoid static class members variables (race conditions, almost-global variables)