Writing CSV file using Spark and java - handling empty values and quotes

Java answer. CSV escape is not just adding " symbols around. You should handle " inside strings. So let's use StringEscapeUtils and define UDF that will call it. Then just apply the UDF to each of the column.

import org.apache.commons.text.StringEscapeUtils;
import org.apache.spark.sql.Column;
import org.apache.spark.sql.Dataset;
import org.apache.spark.sql.Row;
import static org.apache.spark.sql.functions.*;
import org.apache.spark.sql.expressions.UserDefinedFunction;
import org.apache.spark.sql.types.DataTypes;

import java.util.Arrays;

public class Test {

    void test(Dataset<Row> result, String Location) {
        // define UDF
        UserDefinedFunction escape = udf(
            (String str) -> str.isEmpty()?"":StringEscapeUtils.escapeCsv(str), DataTypes.StringType
        // call udf for each column
        Column columns[] = Arrays.stream(result.schema().fieldNames())
                .map(f -> escape.apply(col(f)).as(f))

         // save the result
                .option("delimiter", "|")
                .option("header", "true")
                .option("nullValue", "")
                .option("quoteAll", "false")

Side note: coalesce(1) is a bad call. It collect all data on one executor. You can get executor OOM in production for huge dataset.

EDIT & Warning: Did not see java tag. This is Scala solution that uses foldLeft as a loop to go over all columns. If this is replaced by a Java friendly loop, everything should work as is. I will try and look back at this at the later time.

A programmatic solution could be

val columns = result.columns
val randomColumnName = "RND"

val result2 = columns.foldLeft(result) { (data, column) =>
  .withColumnRenamed(column, randomColumnName)
    when(col(randomColumnName).isNull, "")
      .otherwise(concat(lit("\""), col(randomColumnName), lit("\"")))

This will produce the strings with " around them and write empty strings in nulls. If you need to keep nulls, just keep them.

Then just write it down:

            .option("delimiter", "|")
            .option("header", "true")
            .option("quoteAll", "false")