Where can you change the batch size for an SQS queue that triggers an AWS Lambda function?

SQS is not an exception. The same goes for DynamoDB and Kinesis streams. I think the reason is that all three services work with lambda through event source mappings. Nothing else is using the mappings.

However, updating event source mappings through console is also not possible. You can use CLI or SDK for that, but this also requires getting UUID of the mapping to modify. Sadly UUID is not provided in console either.

To use in CLI, you have to do it in two steps.

1 Get UUID

aws lambda list-event-source-mappings --query 'EventSourceMappings[].[UUID, EventSourceArn]' --output table
|                                                   ListEventSourceMappings                                                   |
|  5ab44863-82c2-4acc-b9dc-b14ad368effa |  arn:aws:kinesis:us-east-1:xxxxx:stream/kstream                              |
|  7479947c-bde5-4041-a438-5eb08f350505 |  arn:aws:dynamodb:us-east-1:xxxx:table/test/stream/2020-07-28T23:13:41.006  |
|  40040139-32fb-4297-b094-3f08368c980c |  arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:xxxxx:Messages                                        |
|  a2b22aa6-f37a-4603-895b-3a044661ebdf |  arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:xxx:test-queue                                      |

2. Update the mapping (e.g. for SQS)

aws lambda update-event-source-mapping --uuid a2b22aa6-f37a-4603-895b-3a044661ebdf --batch-size 5
    "UUID": "a2b22aa6-f37a-4603-895b-3a044661ebdf",
    "BatchSize": 5,
    "EventSourceArn": "arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:xxx:test-queue",
    "FunctionArn": "arn:aws:lambda:us-east-1:xxxx:function:testsfd",
    "LastModified": 1595978738.458,
    "State": "Updating",
    "StateTransitionReason": "USER_INITIATED"

This limitation would not be related to Amazon SQS console.

It would be related to AWS Lambda, since the Lambda service is responsible for polling the SQS queue and for specifying the batch size to retrieve.

You are correct that there is no function to edit the batch size in the Lambda console.

From update-event-source-mapping — AWS CLI Command Reference, here is an AWS CLI command that can update the batch size:

aws lambda update-event-source-mapping \
    --uuid  "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE" \
    --batch-size 8


    "UUID": "a1b2c3d4-5678-90ab-cdef-11111EXAMPLE",
    "StateTransitionReason": "USER_INITIATED",
    "LastModified": 1569284520.333,
    "BatchSize": 8,
    "State": "Updating",
    "FunctionArn": "arn:aws:lambda:us-west-2:123456789012:function:my-function",
    "EventSourceArn": "arn:aws:sqs:us-west-2:123456789012:mySQSqueue"

Or, just delete the trigger in the Lambda console and create a new one.