What's the difference between `usize` and `u32`?

As the documentation states usize is pointer-sized, thus its actual size depends on the architecture your are compiling your program for.

As an example, on a 32 bit x86 computer, usize = u32, while on x86_64 computers, usize = u64.

usize gives you the guarantee to be always big enough to hold any pointer or any offset in a data structure, while u32 can be too small on some architectures.

Adding to @Levans' answer,

The size of usize is depended on how much size it takes to reference any location in memory.

on a 32 bit target usize is 4 bytes and on a 64 bit target usize is 8 bytes