WebSockets - send json data via php

Since you didn't provide a handpoint link, here is some notes, following own tests!

I guess the issue comes from the wss part, php needs to retrieve the certificate first, so it can encrypt the data.

Your code should work just fine on a ws:// stream.

To connect to a regular ws:// stream, one can simply use fsockopen().

$fp = fsockopen("udp://echo.websocket.org", 13, $errno, $errstr);
if (!$fp) {
    echo "ERROR: $errno - $errstr<br />\n";
} else {
    fwrite($fp, "\n");
    echo "Connected!";
    echo fread($fp, 26);

But to connect to a wss:// secure websocket stream, using php, without libraries, we need to create a tunnel first, by querying the public key with stream_socket_client.

This is a handshake mechanism. This can be done as follow.

Notice the first ssl:// call. This is the TLS 1.0 protocol.

$sock = stream_socket_client("ssl://echo.websocket.org:443",$e,$n,30,STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT,stream_context_create(null));
} else {
  fwrite($sock,"GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: echo.websocket.org\r\nAccept: */*\r\nConnection: Upgrade\r\nUpgrade: websocket\r\nSec-WebSocket-Version: 13\r\nSec-WebSocket-Key: ".rand(0,999)."\r\n\r\n");

The output should looks like:

string(44) "HTTP/1.1 101 Web Socket Protocol Handshake"
string(21) "Connection: Upgrade"
string(37) "Date: Thu, 12 Dec 2019 04:06:27 GMT"
string(52) "Sec-WebSocket-Accept: fTYwcEa6D9kJBtghptkz1e9CtBI="
string(25) "Server: Kaazing Gateway"
string(20) "Upgrade: websocket"

Same base code, another example, pulling data from Binance wss:// stream.

We can also use TLS 1.2, with a tls:// handshake instead. Works on most servers.

$sock = stream_socket_client("tls://stream.binance.com:9443",$error,$errnum,30,STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT,stream_context_create(null));
if (!$sock) {
    echo "[$errnum] $error" . PHP_EOL;
} else {
  echo "Connected - Do NOT get rekt!" . PHP_EOL;
  fwrite($sock, "GET /stream?streams=btcusdt@kline_1m HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: stream.binance.com:9443\r\nAccept: */*\r\nConnection: Upgrade\r\nUpgrade: websocket\r\nSec-WebSocket-Version: 13\r\nSec-WebSocket-Key: ".rand(0,999)."\r\n\r\n");
  while (!feof($sock)) {
    var_dump(explode(",",fgets($sock, 512)));

Here is a way to retrieve only the ssl RSA public key of a remote handpoint, from php. Can be used to speed up later connections.

$opt = [
  "capture_peer_cert" => true,
  "capture_peer_cert_chain" => true
$a = stream_context_create(["ssl"=>$opt]);
$b = stream_socket_client("ssl://stream.binance.com:9443", $errno, $errstr, 30, STREAM_CLIENT_CONNECT, $a);
$cont = stream_context_get_params($b);
$key = openssl_pkey_get_public($cont["options"]["ssl"]["peer_certificate"]);
$c = openssl_pkey_get_details($key);

Output something like:

-----END PUBLIC KEY-----

There is possibly other quircks, to be sure, we need the main handpoint^. Would be glad to test that. Otherwise good luck, there is a big lack of documentation on the subject.

This is still a new born protocol (2011!). Best details are in the RFC specification:

The WebSocket protocol was standardized by the IETF as RFC 6455 in 2011

About the handshake, it must be initiated by a GET request.

The client will send a pretty standard HTTP request with headers that looks like this (the HTTP version must be 1.1 or greater, and the method must be GET)


In short:

If unencrypted WebSocket traffic flows through an explicit or a transparent proxy server without WebSockets support, the connection will likely fail.