# Understanding BufferedImage.getRGB output values

The RGB int color contains the Red, Green, Blue components of the color in its bits. You have to look at its binary or hexadecimal representation and not look at it as a whole integer number (not look at its decimal representation).

An int has 32 bits, 3x8 = 24 is used to store the RGB components (8 bits for each) in the following format:

               2          1          0
bitpos      32109876 54321098 76543210
------   --+--------+--------+--------+
bits     ..|RRRRRRRR|GGGGGGGG|BBBBBBBB|


You can extract or set the components using bitmasks:

int color = img.getRGB(x, y);

// Components will be in the range of 0..255:
int blue = color & 0xff;
int green = (color & 0xff00) >> 8;
int red = (color & 0xff0000) >> 16;


If the color also has an alpha component (transparency) ARGB, it gets the last remaining 8 bits.

           3          2          1          0
bitpos    10987654 32109876 54321098 76543210
------   +--------+--------+--------+--------+
bits     |AAAAAAAA|RRRRRRRR|GGGGGGGG|BBBBBBBB|


And the value:

int alpha = (color & 0xff000000) >>> 24; // Note the >>> shift
// required due to sign bit


An alpha value of 255 means that a color is completely opaque and a value of 0 means that the color is completely transparent.

Your color is color = -16755216 which has:

blue : 240         // Strong blue
green:  85         // A little green mixed in
red  :   0         // No red component at all
alpha: 255         // Completely opaque


getRGB(int x, int y) return you the value of color pixel at location (x,y).
You are misinterpreting the returned value.
It is in the binary format. like 11...11010101 and that is given to you as int value.
If you want to get RGB (i.e. Red, Green, Blue) components of that value use Color class. e.g.

Color mycolor = new Color(img.getRGB(x, y));


Then you can get the Red, Green, Blue, or Alpha values by using getRed(), getGreen(), getBlue(), getAlpha(). Then an int value will be returned by these methods in familiar format having value 0 < value < 255

int red = mycolor.getRed();


If you don't want to use Color class then you will need to use bitwise operations to get its value.

See the implementation of ColorModel.getRgb:

589  public int getRGB(int pixel) {
590        return (getAlpha(pixel) << 24)
591             | (getRed(pixel) << 16)
592             | (getGreen(pixel) << 8)
593             | (getBlue(pixel) << 0);
594   }