To "combine" functions in javascript in a functional way?
heritage
This is a concept from maths called function composition.
f(x) = y
g(y) = z
g(f(x)) = z
(g•f)(x) = z
That last line is read "g of f of x equals z". What's great about composed functions is the elimination of points. Notice in g(f(x)) = z
we take an x
input and get a z
output. This skips the intermediate point, y
.
Composition is a great way to create higherorder functions and keep your code sparkly clean. It's plain to see why we'd want this in our Javascript programs.
comp
JavaScript is a multiparadigm language with rich support for functions. We can create a simple comp
function, which combines two input functions, g
and f
, and results in a new function 
function triple(x) {
return x * 3
}
function plusOne(x) {
return x + 1
}
function comp(g, f) {
return function(x) {
return g(f(x)) // "g of f of x"
}
}
const myfunc =
comp(triple, plusOne)
console.log(myfunc(1))
Evaluation
triple(plusOne(1))
triple(2)
6
compose
Just as the question suggests, it's likely we will want to combine more than two functions. Below we write compose
which takes all
of the input functions and reduce
s them using our simple comp
from above. If no functions are given, we return the empty function, identity

const triple = (x) =>
x * 3
const plusOne = (x) =>
x + 1
const comp = (g, f) =>
x => g(f(x)) // "g of f of x"
const identity = (x) =>
x
const compose = (...all) =>
all.reduce(comp, identity)
const myfunc =
compose(triple, triple, plusOne) // any amount of funcs
console.log(myfunc(1))
Evaluation
triple(triple(plusOne(1)))
triple(triple(2))
triple(6)
18
pipe
You can be as creative as you like. Below, we write pipe
which allows our programs to read in a comfortable lefttoright direction 
const triple = (x) =>
x * 3
const plusOne = (x) =>
x + 1
const pipe = x =>
f => pipe(f(x))
pipe(1)(plusOne)(triple)(triple)(console.log) // 18
pipe(3)(triple)(plusOne)(triple)(plusOne)(console.log) // 31
Evaluation of expression one 
f => pipe(f(1))
pipe(plusOne(1))
f => pipe(f(2))
pipe(triple(2))
f => pipe(f(6))
pipe(triple(6))
f => pipe(f(18))
pipe(console.log(18))
18
and expression two 
f => pipe(f(3))
pipe(triple(3))
f => pipe(f(9))
pipe(plusOne(9))
f => pipe(f(10))
pipe(triple(10))
f => pipe(f(30))
pipe(plusOne(31))
f => pipe(f(31))
pipe(console.log(31))
31
related techniques
Curried functions and partial application are concepts that gel with function composition. pipe
above is introduced in another Q&A as $
and demonstrated again here 
const $ = x => // "pipe", or whatever name you pick
k => $ (k (x))
const add = x => y => // curried add
x + y
const mult = x => y => // curried mult
x * y
$ (1) // 1
(add (2)) // + 2 = 3
(mult (6)) // * 6 = 18
(console.log) // 18
$ (7) // 7
(add (1)) // + 1 = 8
(mult (8)) // * 8 = 64
(mult (2)) // * 2 = 128
(mult (2)) // * 2 = 256
(console.log) // 256