# Tikz: Calculate and store the Euclidian distance between two coordinates

Here is a simple (?) code that computes the distance and stores it in a variable.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}
\makeatletter
\newcommand{\Distance}{% % from https://tex.stackexchange.com/q/56353/121799
\[email protected]@[email protected]\[email protected]($#1-#2$)\relax
\pgfmathsetmacro{#3}{round(0.99626*veclen(\the\[email protected],\the\[email protected])/0.0283465)/1000}
}% Explanation: the calc library allows us, among other things, to add and
% subtract points, so ($#1-#2$) is simply the difference between the points
% #1 and #2. The combination \[email protected]@[email protected]\[email protected] extracts
% the coordinates of the new point and stores them in \[email protected] and \[email protected].
% They get fed in veclen, and \pgfmathsetmacro stores the result in #3.
% EDIT: included fudge factor, see https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/22702/121799
\makeatother
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (X) at (1,0);
\coordinate (Y) at (3,0);
\draw[-] (X) -- (Y);
\node at (0,2) {\Distance{(X)}{(Y)}{\mylen}\mylen};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


Either calculate it manually using sqrt(x^2 + y^2) or use veclen as suggested: \documentclass{article}

\usepackage{tikz}

\begin{document}

% Euclidian distance from (3, 4) to (12, 5)
\pgfmathparse{sqrt((12 - 3)^2 + (5 - 4)^2)}\pgfmathresult

% Euclidian distance from (3, 4) to (12, 5)
\pgfmathparse{veclen(12 - 3, 5 - 4)}\pgfmathresult

\end{document}


There is a rounding difference.

For some particular cases you can also use a fit node. This way there's no need for storing the distance value.

\documentclass[tikz,border=2mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{positioning, fit}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}

\draw[fill=black] circle (1pt) node[below]{(0,0)} -- node[above]{4} ++(4,0) circle (1pt) node[below] {(4,0)};

\node[fit={(0,0) (4,0)}, inner xsep=0pt, draw, minimum height=1cm, anchor=south west] at (0,5mm) (a) {};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document} 