sudo not working on certain commands

Solution 1:

The problem is the dot in update-rc.d (in /etc/sudoers.d/update-rc.d); from man sudo:

The #includedir directive can be used to create a sudo.d directory that the system package manager can drop sudoers rules into as part of package installation. For example, given:

#includedir /etc/sudoers.d

sudo will read each file in /etc/sudoers.d, skipping file names that end in ~ or contain a . character to avoid causing problems with package manager or editor temporary/backup files.

Solution 2:

Try and run sudo -ll to get a list of the commands/config applicable to your user.

If (as would seem to be the case) your update-rc.d clause doesn't show up, you might consider adjusting your chef recipes to deploy a single sudoers.d file per user, rather than several.

You might also consider if a group-related sudoers file might be warranted.

This question's answers might help: