Serial Port (RS -232) Connection in C++

Please take a look here:

  • RS-232 for Linux and Windows 1)
  • Windows Serial Port Programming 2)
  • Using the Serial Ports in Visual C++ 3)
  • Serial Communication in Windows

1) You can use this with Windows (incl. MinGW) as well as Linux. Alternative you can only use the code as an example.

2) Step-by-step tutorial how to use serial ports on windows

3) You can use this literally on MinGW

Here's some very, very simple code (without any error handling or settings):

#include <windows.h>

/* ... */


// Open serial port
HANDLE serialHandle;

serialHandle = CreateFile("\\\\.\\COM1", GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, 0, 0, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);

// Do some basic settings
DCB serialParams = { 0 };
serialParams.DCBlength = sizeof(serialParams);

GetCommState(serialHandle, &serialParams);
serialParams.BaudRate = baudrate;
serialParams.ByteSize = byteSize;
serialParams.StopBits = stopBits;
serialParams.Parity = parity;
SetCommState(serialHandle, &serialParams);

// Set timeouts
COMMTIMEOUTS timeout = { 0 };
timeout.ReadIntervalTimeout = 50;
timeout.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = 50;
timeout.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 50;
timeout.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant = 50;
timeout.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 10;

SetCommTimeouts(serialHandle, &timeout);

Now you can use WriteFile() / ReadFile() to write / read bytes. Don't forget to close your connection:

CloseHandle(serialHandle);