porting install scripts : can rpm replace apt?
rpm is mostly equivalent to
apt equivalent is
yum (on RHEL and CentOS up to release 7), or
dnf (on Fedora, and RHEL and CentOS starting with release 8), or
zypper (on SuSE). For your specific commands:
sudo dnf distro-sync sudo dnf install jq sudo dnf clean all sudo dnf autoremove
sudo yum upgrade sudo yum install jq sudo yum clean all
(This works because
jq is packaged under the same name in both cases. This isn’t always true; a given piece of software can be packaged under different names in different distributions or even different releases of a given distribution.)
See the Pacman Rosetta and the Ubuntu RHEL migration guide for details.
You might want to look into configuration management tools instead, they will help you abstract the differences away (or at least, deal with them more robustly).
if [ $(command -v yum) ] test is flawed because
yum can be installed on Debian derivatives (including Ubuntu); its presence doesn’t mean it’s the package manager. You should probably detect the running operating system and base your choice on that; see How can I reliably get the operating system's name? for details.
No, the options and arguments to
yum are different, so are package names in a lot of cases.
You also seem to be getting
yum is the equivalent of
rpm is the equivalent of
dpkg is the backend for
rpm is the backend for
You will have to look at the
man pages for both
yum to find the equivalent options. Alternativly you could look at a configuration management tool like
puppet which will abstract a lot of OS differences between distros, but this may be overkill for what you're doing.