PHP - Using PDO with IN clause array

An alternative version of PHP Delusions (@your-common-sense) using closures:

$filter      = ["min_price" => "1.98"];
$editions    = [1,2,10];

$editions = array_combine(
    array_map(function($i){ return ':id'.$i; }, array_keys($editions)),
$in_placeholders = implode(',', array_keys($editions));
$sql = "SELECT * FROM books WHERE price >= :min_price AND edition IN ($in_placeholders)";
$stm = $pdo->prepare($sql);
$data = $stm->fetchAll();

As PDO doesn't seem to provide a good solution, you might as well consider using DBAL, which mostly follows PDO's API, but also adds some useful features

$stmt = $conn->executeQuery('SELECT * FROM articles WHERE id IN (?)',
    array(array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)),

There are probably some other packages out there that don't add complexity and don't obscure the interaction with the database (like most ORM do), but at the same time make small typical tasks bit easier.

Variable substitution in PDO prepared statements doesn't support arrays. It's one for one.

You can get around that problem by generating the number of placeholders you need based on the length of the array.

$variables = array ('1', '2', '3');
$placeholders = str_repeat ('?, ',  count ($variables) - 1) . '?';

$query = $pdo -> prepare ("SELECT * FROM table WHERE column IN($placeholders)");
if ($query -> execute ($variables)) {
    // ...

PDO is not good with such things. You need to create a string with placeholders dynamically and insert it into the query, while binding array values the usual way. With positional placeholders it would be like this:

$in  = str_repeat('?,', count($in_array) - 1) . '?';
$sql = "SELECT * FROM my_table WHERE my_value IN ($in)";
$stm = $db->prepare($sql);
$data = $stm->fetchAll();

In case there are other placeholders in the query, you could use the following approach (the code is taken from my PDO tutorial):

You could use array_merge() function to join all the variables into a single array, adding your other variables in the form of arrays, in the order they appear in your query:

$arr = [1,2,3];
$in  = str_repeat('?,', count($arr) - 1) . '?';
$sql = "SELECT * FROM table WHERE foo=? AND column IN ($in) AND bar=? AND baz=?";
$stm = $db->prepare($sql);
$params = array_merge([$foo], $arr, [$bar, $baz]);
$data = $stm->fetchAll();

In case you are using named placeholders, the code would be a little more complex, as you have to create a sequence of the named placeholders, e.g. :id0,:id1,:id2. So the code would be:

// other parameters that are going into query
$params = ["foo" => "foo", "bar" => "bar"];

$ids = [1,2,3];
$in = "";
$i = 0; // we are using an external counter 
        // because the actual array keys could be dangerous
foreach ($ids as $item)
    $key = ":id".$i++;
    $in .= ($in ? "," : "") . $key; // :id0,:id1,:id2
    $in_params[$key] = $item; // collecting values into a key-value array

$sql = "SELECT * FROM table WHERE foo=:foo AND id IN ($in) AND bar=:bar";
$stm = $db->prepare($sql);
$stm->execute(array_merge($params,$in_params)); // just merge two arrays
$data = $stm->fetchAll();

Luckily, for the named placeholders we don't have to follow the strict order, so we can merge our arrays in any order.