# pgfplots: How to draw a tangent graph below two others?

You can use the function f1*f2/(f1+f2) to get something like what you describe. To make the code a bit clearer I defined the functions f1 and f2.

\documentclass{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{%
compat=1.12,
/pgf/declare function={f1(\x)=exp(3*\x);},
/pgf/declare function={f2(\x)=-exp(3*\x)+20;},
}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[domain=0:1]
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {f1(x)};
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {f2(x)};
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {f1(x)*f2(x)/(f1(x)+f2(x))};
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


If you want the function to follow more closely you can use sqrt(f1^2*f2^2/(f1^2+f2^2). Then replace the third plot with

\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {sqrt(f1(x)*f1(x)*f2(x)*f2(x)/(f1(x)*f1(x)+f2(x)*f2(x)))};


to get

Slightly more general, one can use the exponent \a (does not have to be an integer):

 \foreach \a in {1,...,5}{
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {(f1(x)^\a*f2(x)^\a/(f1(x)^\a+f2(x)^\a))^(1/\a)};
}


Are you looking for the minimum? (I shifted the plot a bit but you can of course undo the shift.)

\documentclass[border=3.14mm,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.16}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\begin{axis}[domain=0:1]
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {exp(3*x)};
\addplot+[no marks, samples=100] {(-exp(3*x)+20)};
{min(exp(3*x),(-exp(3*x)+20))-pi/2};
\end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}