Passing IPython variables as arguments to bash commands

You cans use this syntax too:

path = "../_data/"
filename = "titanicdata.htm"
! less {path + filename}

As @Catbuilts points out, $'s are problematic. To make it more explicit and not bury the key example, try the following:

!echo afile
!echo $PWD
!echo $PWD/{afile}
!echo {pwd+'/'+afile}

And you get:


Prefix your variable names with a $.


Say you want to copy a file file1 to a path stored in a python variable named dir_pth:

dir_path = "/home/foo/bar"
!cp file1 $dir_path

from Ipython or Jupyter notebook


Thanks to the suggestion from Catbuilts, if you want to concatenate multiple strings to form the path, use {..} instead of $..$. A general solution that works in both situations is to stick with {..}

dir_path = "/home/foo/bar"
!cp file1 {dir_path}

And if you want to concatinate another string sub_dir to your path, then:

!cp file1 {dir_path + sub_dir}


For a related discussion on the use of raw strings (prefixed with r) to pass the variables, see Passing Ipython variables as string arguments to shell command