java.lang.Object
java.awt.MultipleGradientPaint
java.awt.LinearGradientPaint
All Implemented Interfaces:
Paint, Transparency
public final class LinearGradientPaint
extends MultipleGradientPaint
The LinearGradientPaint class provides a way to fill a Shape with a linear color gradient pattern. The user may specify two or more gradient colors, and this paint will provide an interpolation between each color. The user also specifies start and end points which define where in user space the color gradient should begin and end.

The user must provide an array of floats specifying how to distribute the colors along the gradient. These values should range from 0.0 to 1.0 and act like keyframes along the gradient (they mark where the gradient should be exactly a particular color).

In the event that the user does not set the first keyframe value equal to 0 and/or the last keyframe value equal to 1, keyframes will be created at these positions and the first and last colors will be replicated there. So, if a user specifies the following arrays to construct a gradient:

     {Color.BLUE, Color.RED}, {.3f, .7f}
 
this will be converted to a gradient with the following keyframes:
     {Color.BLUE, Color.BLUE, Color.RED, Color.RED}, {0f, .3f, .7f, 1f}
 

The user may also select what action the LinearGradientPaint object takes when it is filling the space outside the start and end points by setting CycleMethod to either REFLECTION or REPEAT. The distances between any two colors in any of the reflected or repeated copies of the gradient are the same as the distance between those same two colors between the start and end points. Note that some minor variations in distances may occur due to sampling at the granularity of a pixel. If no cycle method is specified, NO_CYCLE will be chosen by default, which means the endpoint colors will be used to fill the remaining area.

The colorSpace parameter allows the user to specify in which colorspace the interpolation should be performed, default sRGB or linearized RGB.

The following code demonstrates typical usage of LinearGradientPaint:

     Point2D start = new Point2D.Float(0, 0);
     Point2D end = new Point2D.Float(50, 50);
     float[] dist = {0.0f, 0.2f, 1.0f};
     Color[] colors = {Color.RED, Color.WHITE, Color.BLUE};
     LinearGradientPaint p =
         new LinearGradientPaint(start, end, dist, colors);
 

This code will create a LinearGradientPaint which interpolates between red and white for the first 20% of the gradient and between white and blue for the remaining 80%.

This image demonstrates the example code above for each of the three cycle methods:

image showing the output of the example code

Since:
1.6
See Also:
Paint, Graphics2D.setPaint(java.awt.Paint)

Nested Class Summary

Field Summary

Fields declared in interface java.awt.Transparency

BITMASK, OPAQUE, TRANSLUCENT

Constructor Summary

Constructors
Constructor Description
LinearGradientPaint​(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint​(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint​(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint​(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
LinearGradientPaint​(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod, MultipleGradientPaint.ColorSpaceType colorSpace, AffineTransform gradientTransform)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint.

Method Summary

Modifier and Type Method Description
PaintContext createContext​(ColorModel cm, Rectangle deviceBounds, Rectangle2D userBounds, AffineTransform transform, RenderingHints hints)
Creates and returns a PaintContext used to generate a linear color gradient pattern.
Point2D getEndPoint()
Returns a copy of the end point of the gradient axis.
Point2D getStartPoint()
Returns a copy of the start point of the gradient axis.

Methods declared in class java.lang.Object

clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Constructor Details

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
Parameters:
startX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
startY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
endX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
endY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
Throws:
NullPointerException - if fractions array is null, or colors array is null,
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(float startX, float startY, float endX, float endY, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
Parameters:
startX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
startY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis start point in user space
endX - the X coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
endY - the Y coordinate of the gradient axis end point in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
Throws:
NullPointerException - if fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default NO_CYCLE repeating method and SRGB color space.
Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint with a default SRGB color space.
Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

LinearGradientPaint

@ConstructorProperties({"startPoint","endPoint","fractions","colors","cycleMethod","colorSpace","transform"}) public LinearGradientPaint(Point2D start, Point2D end, float[] fractions, Color[] colors, MultipleGradientPaint.CycleMethod cycleMethod, MultipleGradientPaint.ColorSpaceType colorSpace, AffineTransform gradientTransform)
Constructs a LinearGradientPaint.
Parameters:
start - the gradient axis start Point2D in user space
end - the gradient axis end Point2D in user space
fractions - numbers ranging from 0.0 to 1.0 specifying the distribution of colors along the gradient
colors - array of colors corresponding to each fractional value
cycleMethod - either NO_CYCLE, REFLECT, or REPEAT
colorSpace - which color space to use for interpolation, either SRGB or LINEAR_RGB
gradientTransform - transform to apply to the gradient
Throws:
NullPointerException - if one of the points is null, or fractions array is null, or colors array is null, or cycleMethod is null, or colorSpace is null, or gradientTransform is null
IllegalArgumentException - if start and end points are the same points, or fractions.length != colors.length, or colors is less than 2 in size, or a fractions value is less than 0.0 or greater than 1.0, or the fractions are not provided in strictly increasing order

Method Details

createContext

public PaintContext createContext​(ColorModel cm, Rectangle deviceBounds, Rectangle2D userBounds, AffineTransform transform, RenderingHints hints)
Creates and returns a PaintContext used to generate a linear color gradient pattern. See the specification of the method in the Paint interface for information on null parameter handling.
Parameters:
cm - the preferred ColorModel which represents the most convenient format for the caller to receive the pixel data, or null if there is no preference.
deviceBounds - the device space bounding box of the graphics primitive being rendered.
userBounds - the user space bounding box of the graphics primitive being rendered.
transform - the AffineTransform from user space into device space.
hints - the set of hints that the context object can use to choose between rendering alternatives.
Returns:
the PaintContext for generating color patterns.
See Also:
Paint, PaintContext, ColorModel, Rectangle, Rectangle2D, AffineTransform, RenderingHints

getStartPoint

public Point2D getStartPoint()
Returns a copy of the start point of the gradient axis.
Returns:
a Point2D object that is a copy of the point that anchors the first color of this LinearGradientPaint

getEndPoint

public Point2D getEndPoint()
Returns a copy of the end point of the gradient axis.
Returns:
a Point2D object that is a copy of the point that anchors the last color of this LinearGradientPaint