List all polygon vertices coordinates using geopandas

Not sure if one line method exists, but the following ways could work. (Solutions are for the first feature's geometry, and they are just for Polygon, not for MultiPolygon)

Solution 1: boundary property of a polygon returns exterior and all interiors of the polygon.

import geopandas as gpd
import numpy as np

g = [i for i in df.geometry]

all_coords = []
for b in g[0].boundary: # for first feature/row
coords = np.dstack(b.coords.xy).tolist()
all_coords.append(*coords)

all_coords


Result:

[[[0.0, 0.0],  #1
[0.0, 4.0],  #2
[7.0, 4.0],  #3
[7.0, 0.0],  #4
[0.0, 0.0]], #1

[[1.0, 1.0],  #5
[3.0, 1.0],  #6
[3.0, 3.0],  #7
[1.0, 3.0],  #8
[1.0, 1.0]], #5

[[4.0, 3.0],  #9
[4.0, 1.0],  #10
[6.0, 1.0],  #11
[6.0, 3.0],  #12
[4.0, 3.0]]] #9


Solution 2: polygon.interiors returns InteriorRingSequence object which consists of LinearRing objects.

import geopandas as gpd
import numpy as np

g = [i for i in df.geometry]
x,y = g[0].exterior.coords.xy
all_coords = np.dstack((x,y)) ####

for interior in g[0].interiors: # for first feature/row
x, y = interior.coords.xy
coords = np.dstack((x,y))
all_coords = np.append(all_coords, coords, axis=0)

all_coords  # or all_coords.tolist()


Result:

array([[[0., 0.],  #1
[0., 4.],  #2
[7., 4.],  #3
[7., 0.],  #4
[0., 0.]], #1

[[1., 1.],  #5
[3., 1.],  #6
[3., 3.],  #7
[1., 3.],  #8
[1., 1.]], #5

[[4., 3.],  #9
[4., 1.],  #10
[6., 1.],  #11
[6., 3.],  #12
[4., 3.]]])#9


Solution 3: shapely.geometry.mapping function.

import geopandas as gpd
from shapely.geometry import mapping

g = [i for i in df.geometry]
all_coords = mapping(g[0])["coordinates"] # for first feature/row
all_coords


Result:

(((0.0, 0.0), (0.0, 4.0), (7.0, 4.0), (7.0, 0.0), (0.0, 0.0)), #exterior
((1.0, 1.0), (3.0, 1.0), (3.0, 3.0), (1.0, 3.0), (1.0, 1.0)), #interior1
((4.0, 3.0), (4.0, 1.0), (6.0, 1.0), (6.0, 3.0), (4.0, 3.0))) #interior2


One way might be to convert to json then read back to dictionary:

import geopandas as gpd
import numpy as np
import json