Linear integer function generator
Kakoune, 62 keystrokes
<a-l>"ndd<a-l>S "hddQxy<a-p><a-p>_S a*<c-r>h+<a-;> <backspace><esc><a-h>|bc k<a-i>ndd<a-j>Q:ex<tab> <c-r>nq K<a-x>d%<a-s><a-h>w<a-l>d<a-j>
(note the trailing spaces on line 1 and 2)
Assumes the input in the following format, with the cursor at the start of the buffer:
number of items kernel separated with spaces in reverse seed separated by spaces
Gives the output as the numbers space separated.
Here is a video of the solution in action, with a few minor human errors :)
Wolfram Language (Mathematica), 16 bytes
Try it online!
Given the OP's background, I suppose this isn't too much of a surprise.
Haskell, 54 bytes
(flip take.).g g(x:r)k=x:g(r++[sum(zipWith(*)k$x:r)])k
Try it online! The function
g takes the seed and the kernel as input and builds the sequence as an infinite list. The first line is an anonymous function taking the seed, the kernel and the length as input, passing the former two arguments to
g and truncating the infinite sequence to the given length.