LaTeX Convention for displaymath

Welcome to TEX.SE! You can first see this answer.

If you search "displaymath" in texdoc latex2e and you can find in sec 8.5: latex2e

Further more if you search "displaymath" in texdoc source2e, you can find that source2e

You can see in LaTeX, \[ mathtext \] is equal to \begin{displaymath} mathtext \end{displaymath}. If you write your source file like this


both of them seems clean and can remaind you these are "displaymath".

When you use amsmath package, it redefines \[ mathtext \] as \begin{equation*} mathtext \end{equation*} for numberless equation. (You can see this in amsmath.sty)