Kotlin data class: how to read the value of property if I don't know its name at compile time?

Solution:

Here is a function to read a property from an instance of a class given the property name (throws exception if property not found, but you can change that behaviour):

import kotlin.reflect.KProperty1
import kotlin.reflect.full.memberProperties

@Suppress("UNCHECKED_CAST")
fun <R> readInstanceProperty(instance: Any, propertyName: String): R {
    val property = instance::class.members
                     // don't cast here to <Any, R>, it would succeed silently 
                     .first { it.name == propertyName } as KProperty1<Any, *> 
    // force a invalid cast exception if incorrect type here
    return property.get(instance) as R  
}

build.gradle.kts

dependencies {
    implementation(kotlin("reflect"))
}

Using

// some data class
data class MyData(val name: String, val age: Int)
val sample = MyData("Fred", 33)

// and reading property "name" from an instance...
val name: String = readInstanceProperty(sample, "name")

// and reading property "age" placing the type on the function call...
val age = readInstanceProperty<Int>(sample, "age")

println(name) // Fred
println(age)  // 33

You can do it through reflection, and it's all the same for data classes and normal ones.

The first option is just to use Java reflection:

val name = obj.javaClass
              .getMethod("getName") // to get property called `name`
              .invoke(obj)

You can even make an extension function:

inline fun <reified T : Any> Any.getThroughReflection(propertyName: String): T? {
    val getterName = "get" + propertyName.capitalize()
    return try {
        javaClass.getMethod(getterName).invoke(this) as? T
    } catch (e: NoSuchMethodException) {
        null
    }
}

It calls the public getter. To get a value of a private property you can modify this code using getDeclaredMethod and setAccessible. This will also work for Java objects with the corresponding getters (but it misses the convention of is and has getters for boolean).

And usage:

data class Person(val name: String, val employed: Boolean)

val p = Person("Jane", true)
val name = p.getThroughReflection<String>("name")
val employed = p.getThroughReflection<Boolean>("employed")

println("$name - $employed") // Jane - true


The second option involves using kotlin-reflect library which you should add to your project separately, here's its documentation. It will let you get actual Kotlin property value, ignoring Java getters.

You can use javaClass.kotlin to get actual Kotlin class token, and then you get a property from it:

val name = p.javaClass.kotlin.memberProperties.first { it.name == "name" }.get(p)

This solution will work only for Kotlin classes, not for Java ones, but it is much more reliable if you need to work with Kotlin classes: it doesn't depend on the underlying implementation.


The answers above didn't work for me so I've created an extension function for this:

@Throws(IllegalAccessException::class, ClassCastException::class)
inline fun <reified T> Any.getField(fieldName: String): T? {
    this::class.memberProperties.forEach { kCallable ->
        if (fieldName == kCallable.name) {
            return kCallable.getter.call(this) as T?
        }
    }
    return null
}

This is an example call:

val valueNeeded: String? = yourObject.getField<String>("exampleFieldName")

Also include this in your app's build.gradle:

implementation "org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-reflect:$kotlin_version"