Jest won't transform the module - SyntaxError: Cannot use import statement outside a module

Eventhough I have tried them separately, I haven't tried them together (transform and transformIgnorePatterns). So this jest configuration solved my issue:

  "jest": {
    "preset": "ts-jest",
    "testEnvironment": "node",
    "transform": {
      "node_modules/variables/.+\\.(j|t)sx?$": "ts-jest"
    "transformIgnorePatterns": [

My mistakes were:

  1. Not using transform and transformIgnorePatterns together.
  2. And defining babel-jest as the transformer instead of ts-jest (I guess that is a problem when the preset of jest is defined as ts-jest. Because if I change it to be babel-jest it throws the same error again.):
--- "node_modules/variables/.+\\.(j|t)sx?$": "babel-jest"
+++ "node_modules/variables/.+\\.(j|t)sx?$": "ts-jest"