JavaScript to C# Numeric Precision Loss

Please check the precise value you are sending to a bigger precision. Languages typically limits the precision on print to make it look better.

var n = Number(0.005);


This has been fixed in next release (5.0.0-preview4).

Original Answer

I tested float and double, and interestingly in this particular case, only double had the problem, whereas float seems to be working (i.e. 0.005 is read on server).

Inspecting on the message bytes suggested that 0.005 is sent as type Float32Double which is a 4-byte / 32-bit IEEE 754 single precision floating point number despite Number is 64 bit floating point.

Run the following code in console confirmed the above:


// Output
Uint8Array(5) [202, 59, 163, 215, 10]

mspack5 does provide an option to force 64 bit floating point:


// Output
Uint8Array(9) [203, 63, 116, 122, 225, 71, 174, 20, 123]

However, the forceFloat64 option is not used by signalr-protocol-msgpack.

Though that explains why float works on the server side, but there isn't really a fix for that as of now. Let's wait what Microsoft says.

Possible workarounds

  • Hack msgpack5 options? Fork and compile your own msgpack5 with forceFloat64 default to true?? I don't know.
  • Switch to float on server side
  • Use string on both sides
  • Switch to decimal on server side and write custom IFormatterProvider. decimal is not primitive type, and IFormatterProvider<decimal> is called for complex type properties
  • Provide method to retrieve double property value and do the double -> float -> decimal -> double trick
  • Other unrealistic solutions you could think of


The problem with JS client sending single floating point number to C# backend causes a known floating point issue:

// value = 0.00499999988824129, crazy C# :)
var value = (double)0.005f;

For direct uses of double in methods, the issue could be solved by a custom MessagePack.IFormatterResolver:

public class MyDoubleFormatterResolver : IFormatterResolver
    public static MyDoubleFormatterResolver Instance = new MyDoubleFormatterResolver();

    private MyDoubleFormatterResolver()
    { }

    public IMessagePackFormatter<T> GetFormatter<T>()
        return MyDoubleFormatter.Instance as IMessagePackFormatter<T>;

public sealed class MyDoubleFormatter : IMessagePackFormatter<double>, IMessagePackFormatter
    public static readonly MyDoubleFormatter Instance = new MyDoubleFormatter();

    private MyDoubleFormatter()

    public int Serialize(
        ref byte[] bytes,
        int offset,
        double value,
        IFormatterResolver formatterResolver)
        return MessagePackBinary.WriteDouble(ref bytes, offset, value);

    public double Deserialize(
        byte[] bytes,
        int offset,
        IFormatterResolver formatterResolver,
        out int readSize)
        double value;
        if (bytes[offset] == 0xca)
            // 4 bytes single
            // cast to decimal then double will fix precision issue
            value = (double)(decimal)MessagePackBinary.ReadSingle(bytes, offset, out readSize);
            return value;

        value = MessagePackBinary.ReadDouble(bytes, offset, out readSize);
        return value;

And use the resolver:

    .AddMessagePackProtocol(options =>
        options.FormatterResolvers = new List<MessagePack.IFormatterResolver>()

The resolver is not perfect, as casting to decimal then to double slows the process down and it could be dangerous.


As per the OP pointed out in the comments, this cannot solve the issue if using complex types having double returning properties.

Further investigation revealed the cause of the problem in MessagePack-CSharp:

// Type: MessagePack.MessagePackBinary
// Assembly: MessagePack, Version=, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b4a0369545f0a1be
// MVID: B72E7BA0-FA95-4EB9-9083-858959938BCE
// Assembly location: ...\.nuget\packages\messagepack\1.9.11\lib\netstandard2.0\MessagePack.dll

namespace MessagePack.Decoders
  internal sealed class Float32Double : IDoubleDecoder
    internal static readonly IDoubleDecoder Instance = (IDoubleDecoder) new Float32Double();

    private Float32Double()

    public double Read(byte[] bytes, int offset, out int readSize)
      readSize = 5;
      // The problem is here
      // Cast a float value to double like this causes precision loss
      return (double) new Float32Bits(bytes, checked (offset + 1)).Value;

The above decoder is used when needing to convert a single float number to double:

// From MessagePackBinary class
MessagePackBinary.doubleDecoders[202] = Float32Double.Instance;


This issue exists in v2 versions of MessagePack-CSharp. I have filed an issue on github, though the issue is not going to be fixed.