Interesting integral

Actually, I now think that the easiest method is to do this: Write $k=\sin z$, so that $|k|<1$, and make the substitution $x = \arcsin(k\sin\theta)$, where $0\le \theta\le \frac\pi2$. The integral becomes $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\arcsin(k\sin\theta)}{k\sin\theta \,\,(1-k^2\sin^2\theta)^{(1/2)}}\ \mathrm{d}\theta = \int_0^{\pi/2} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} c_n\,k^{2n}\sin^{2n}\theta\,\mathrm{d}\theta, $$ where the numbers $c_n$ are the coefficients in the even power series $$ \frac{\arcsin(t)}{t \,(1{-}t^2)^{(1/2)}} = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} c_n t^{2n}, $$ which are easily calculated to be $$ c_n = \frac{2^{2n} (n!)^2}{(2n{+}1)!}. $$ Combining this with the well-known formula $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \sin^{2n}\theta\,\mathrm{d}\theta = \frac{\pi}{2^{2n+1}}\ {{2n}\choose{n}}, $$ one obtains $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{\arcsin(k\sin\theta)}{k\sin\theta (1-k^2\sin^2\theta)^{(1/2)}}\ \mathrm{d}\theta = \pi \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{k^{2n}}{(4n{+}2)} = \frac{\pi}2 \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin^{2n}z}{(2n{+}1)}\ . $$ The rest should be clear.

This integral is due to Lobachevskii. He gave it in more general form as follows enter image description here which can be found in his work "Application of imaginary geometry to certain integrals" (1836). Also see equation 3.842.7 in Gradsteyn and Ryzhik. The integral in OP's post follows from this formula in the limit $~\alpha\to i\infty$.