Insert new lines with missing values (NA)

join works well here:

join -a 1 -o 0,2.2 -e NA  <(seq 12)  A.txt  2>/dev/null

I throw away stderr because join complains if the join field is not lexically sorted.

You can do this with an awk script:

awk '{ while (NR + shift < $1) { print (NR + shift) " NA"; shift++ }; print } END { shift++; while (NR + shift < 13) { print (NR + shift) " NA"; shift++ } }' /tmp/test1

will produce the required output for /tmp/test1 (replace that with each file you wish to process).

In a more readable form:

#!/usr/bin/awk -f
    while (NR + shift < $1) {
        print (NR + shift) " NA"
    while (NR + shift < 13) {
        print (NR + shift) " NA"

Save this as a file, say fill-missing, make it executable, then you can simply run

./fill-missing /tmp/test1

The script processes each line, keeping track of the expected delta with the current line number in shift. So for every line, if the current line adjusted doesn't match the first number in the line, it prints the appropriate line number followed by NA and increments the delta; once the line numbers match, it prints the current line. At the end of the process, it prints any missing lines required to reach 12.

the awk file

BEGIN { i=1 ; }
function upto(x) { while (i<x) printf "%d NA\n",i++ ;}
 { if ( $1 == i ) print ; upto($1) ; i++ ;}
END { upto(final+1) ;}

to be called with

awk -f nl.awk -v final=12 /tmp/test1

your whole loop

cd /my/directory
ls | while read f
      awk -f ~/nl.awk -v final=12 $f > /an/other/dir/$f


  • you put awk program in your $HOME dir (~/nl.awk )