How to suppress "unused parameter" warnings in C?

I usually write a macro like this:

#define UNUSED(x) (void)(x)

You can use this macro for all your unused parameters. (Note that this works on any compiler.)

For example:

void f(int x) {

In gcc, you can label the parameter with the unused attribute.

This attribute, attached to a variable, means that the variable is meant to be possibly unused. GCC will not produce a warning for this variable.

In practice this is accomplished by putting __attribute__ ((unused)) just before the parameter. For example:

void foo(workerid_t workerId) { }


void foo(__attribute__((unused)) workerid_t workerId) { }

You can use gcc/clang's unused attribute, however I use these macros in a header to avoid having gcc specific attributes all over the source, also having __attribute__ everywhere is a bit verbose/ugly.

#ifdef __GNUC__
#  define UNUSED(x) UNUSED_ ## x __attribute__((__unused__))
#  define UNUSED(x) UNUSED_ ## x

#ifdef __GNUC__
#  define UNUSED_FUNCTION(x) __attribute__((__unused__)) UNUSED_ ## x
#  define UNUSED_FUNCTION(x) UNUSED_ ## x

Then you can do...

void foo(int UNUSED(bar)) { ... }

I prefer this because you get an error if you try use bar in the code anywhere so you can't leave the attribute in by mistake.

and for functions...

static void UNUSED_FUNCTION(foo)(int bar) { ... }

Note 1):
As far as I know, MSVC doesn't have an equivalent to __attribute__((__unused__)).

Note 2):
The UNUSED macro won't work for arguments which contain parenthesis,
so if you have an argument like float (*coords)[3] you can't do,
float UNUSED((*coords)[3]) or float (*UNUSED(coords))[3], This is the only downside to the UNUSED macro I found so far, in these cases I fall back to (void)coords;




Gcc Warning