How to stop EditText from gaining focus at Activity startup in Android
Adding the tags
android:focusable="true" to the parent layout (e.g.
ConstraintLayout) like in the following example, will fix the problem.
<!-- Dummy item to prevent AutoCompleteTextView from receiving focus --> <LinearLayout android:focusable="true" android:focusableInTouchMode="true" android:layout_width="0px" android:layout_height="0px"/> <!-- :nextFocusUp and :nextFocusLeft have been set to the id of this component to prevent the dummy from receiving focus again --> <AutoCompleteTextView android:id="@+id/autotext" android:layout_width="fill_parent" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:nextFocusUp="@id/autotext" android:nextFocusLeft="@id/autotext"/>
A simpler solution exists. Set these attributes in your parent layout:
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" android:id="@+id/mainLayout" android:descendantFocusability="beforeDescendants" android:focusableInTouchMode="true" >
And now, when the activity starts this main layout will get focused by default.
Also, we can remove focus from child views at runtime (e.g., after finishing child editing) by giving the focus to the main layout again, like this:
Good comment from Guillaume Perrot:
android:descendantFocusability="beforeDescendants"seems to be the default (integer value is 0). It works just by adding
Really, we can see that the
beforeDescendants is set as default in the
ViewGroup.initViewGroup() method (Android 2.2.2). But not equal to 0.
ViewGroup.FOCUS_BEFORE_DESCENDANTS = 0x20000;
Thanks to Guillaume.
Is the actual problem that you just don't want it to have focus at all? Or you don't want it to show the virtual keyboard as a result of focusing on the
EditText? I don't really see an issue with the
EditText having a focus on the start, but it's definitely a problem to have the softInput window open when the user did not explicitly request to focus on the
EditText (and open the keyboard as a result).
If it's the problem of the virtual keyboard, see the
AndroidManifest.xml <activity> element documentation.
android:windowSoftInputMode="stateHidden" - always hide it when entering the activity.
android:windowSoftInputMode="stateUnchanged" - don't change it (e.g. don't show it if it isn't already shown, but if it was open when entering the activity, leave it open).