How to make a tkinter canvas rectangle transparent?

You can use transparent image to simulate the result. Use Pillow to create transparent image and then use canvas.create_image(...) to draw it. Below is a sample code:

from tkinter import *
from PIL import Image, ImageTk

root = Tk()

images = []  # to hold the newly created image

def create_rectangle(x1, y1, x2, y2, **kwargs):
    if 'alpha' in kwargs:
        alpha = int(kwargs.pop('alpha') * 255)
        fill = kwargs.pop('fill')
        fill = root.winfo_rgb(fill) + (alpha,)
        image ='RGBA', (x2-x1, y2-y1), fill)
        canvas.create_image(x1, y1, image=images[-1], anchor='nw')
    canvas.create_rectangle(x1, y1, x2, y2, **kwargs)

canvas = Canvas(width=300, height=200)

create_rectangle(10, 10, 200, 100, fill='blue')
create_rectangle(50, 50, 250, 150, fill='green', alpha=.5)
create_rectangle(80, 80, 150, 120, fill='#800000', alpha=.8)


And the output:

enter image description here

In a canvas if you want some widget to be transparent, simply let the fill parameter be empty: