How to have pandas perform a rolling average on a non-uniform x-grid

The key question remains: what do you want to achieve with the rolling mean ?

Mathematically a clean way is:

  1. interpolate to the finest dx of the x-data
  2. perform the rolling mean
  3. take out the data points you want (But be careful: this step is a type of averaging too!)

Here is the code for the interpolation:

import numpy as np 
import pandas as pd 
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from scipy.interpolate import interp1d

x_val = [1,2,4,8,16,32,64,128,256,512]
y_val = [x+np.random.random()*200 for x in x_val]

df = pd.DataFrame(data={'x':x_val,'y':y_val})
df.set_index('x', inplace=True)

df.rolling(5, win_type='gaussian').mean(std=200).plot()

#---- Interpolation -----------------------------------
f1 = interp1d(x_val, y_val)
f2 = interp1d(x_val, y_val, kind='cubic')

dx = np.diff(x_val).min()  # get the smallest dx in the x-data set

xnew = np.arange(x_val[0], x_val[-1]+dx, step=dx)
ynew1 = f1(xnew)
ynew2 = f2(xnew)

#---- plot ---------------------------------------------
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(15,5))
plt.plot(x_val, y_val, '-o', label='data', alpha=0.5)
plt.plot(xnew, ynew1, '|', ms = 15, c='r', label='linear', zorder=1)
#plt.plot(xnew, ynew2, label='cubic')

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