ADVERTISEMENT

How to force or redirect to SSL in nginx?

Solution 1:

The best way as it described in the official how-to is by using the return directive:

server {
    listen      80;
    server_name signup.mysite.com;
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

Solution 2:

According to nginx pitfalls, it's slightly better to omit the unnecessary capture, using $request_uri instead. In that case, append a question mark to prevent nginx from doubling any query args.

server {
    listen      80;
    server_name signup.mysite.com;
    rewrite     ^   https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent;
}

Solution 3:

This is the correct and most efficient way if you want to keep it all in one server block:

server {
    listen   80;
    listen   [::]:80;
    listen   443 default_server ssl;

    server_name www.example.com;

    ssl_certificate        /path/to/my/cert;
    ssl_certificate_key  /path/to/my/key;

    if ($scheme = http) {
        return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
    }
}

Everything else above, using "rewrite" or "if ssl_protocol" etc is slower and worse.

Here is the same, but even more efficient, by only running the rewrite on the http protocol it avoids having to check the $scheme variable on every request. But seriously, it's such a minor thing that you don't need to separate them.

server {
    listen   80;
    listen   [::]:80;

    server_name www.example.com;

    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}
server {
    listen   443 default_server ssl;

    server_name www.example.com;

    ssl_certificate        /path/to/my/cert;
    ssl_certificate_key  /path/to/my/key;
}

Solution 4:

If you are using the new dual HTTP and HTTPS server definition, you can use the following:

server {
    listen   80;
    listen   [::]:80;
    listen   443 default ssl;

    server_name www.example.com;

    ssl_certificate        /path/to/my/cert;
    ssl_certificate_key  /path/to/my/key;

    if ($ssl_protocol = "") {
       rewrite ^   https://$server_name$request_uri? permanent;
    }
}

This appears to work for me and doesn't cause redirect loops.

Edit:

Replaced:

rewrite ^/(.*) https://$server_name/$1 permanent;

with Pratik's rewrite line.


Solution 5:

Yet another variant, that preserves the Host: request header and follows the "GOOD" example on nginx pitfalls:

server {
    listen   10.0.0.134:80 default_server;

    server_name  site1;
    server_name  site2;
    server_name  10.0.0.134;

    return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
}

Here are the results. Note that using $server_name instead of $host would always redirect to https://site1.

# curl -Is http://site1/ | grep Location
Location: https://site1/

# curl -Is http://site2/ | grep Location
Location: https://site2/


# curl -Is http://site1/foo/bar | grep Location
Location: https://site1/foo/bar

# curl -Is http://site1/foo/bar?baz=qux | grep Location
Location: https://site1/foo/bar?baz=qux