How to convert one-hot encodings into integers?

As pointed out by Franck Dernoncourt, since a one hot encoding only has a single 1 and the rest are zeros, you can use argmax for this particular example. In general, if you want to find a value in a numpy array, you'll probabaly want to consult numpy.where. Also, this stack exchange question:

Is there a NumPy function to return the first index of something in an array?

Since a one-hot vector is a vector with all 0s and a single 1, you can do something like this:

>>> import numpy as np
>>> a = np.array([[0,1,0,0],[1,0,0,0],[0,0,0,1]])
>>> [np.where(r==1)[0][0] for r in a]
[1, 0, 3]

This just builds a list of the index which is 1 for each row. The [0][0] indexing is just to ditch the structure (a tuple with an array) returned by np.where which is more than you asked for.

For any particular row, you just want to index into a. For example in the zeroth row the 1 is found in index 1.

>>> np.where(a[0]==1)[0][0]

Simply use np.argmax(x, axis=1)


import numpy as np
array = np.array([[0, 1, 0, 0], [0, 0, 0, 1]])
print(np.argmax(array, axis=1))
> [1 3]

You can use numpy.argmax or tf.argmax. Example:

import numpy as np  
a  = np.array([[0,1,0,0],[1,0,0,0],[0,0,0,1]])
print('np.argmax(a, axis=1): {0}'.format(np.argmax(a, axis=1)))


np.argmax(a, axis=1): [1 0 3]

You may also want to look at sklearn.preprocessing.LabelBinarizer.inverse_transform.