How to boot EC2 with preset hostname?
To just set the hostname (without Route53), you can use cloud-init configuration in the user-data
#cloud-config hostname: mynode fqdn: mynode.example.com manage_etc_hosts: true
You can use the user-data function of the console and/or API to provide a bash script which will be executed on first boot. This script can set the hostname, create a DNS record, and any other actions you desire.