How to Access History Object Outside of a React Component

react-router v4 also provides a way to share history via the history package, namely createBrowserHistory() function.

The important part is to make sure that the same history object is shared across your app. To do that you can take advantage of the fact that node modules are singletons.

Create a file called history.js in your project, with the following content:

import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history';

const history = createBrowserHistory();
export default history;

You can then just import it in your application via:

import history from "./history.js";

Please note that only Router accepts the history prop (BrowserRouter does not), so be sure to update your router JSX accordingly:

import { Router } from "react-router-dom";
import history from "./history.js";

// and then in your JSX:
return (
  <Router history={history}>
    {/* routes as usuall */}

A working example can be found at

Today, I faced the same issue. Maybe my solution helps somebody else.


import axios from 'axios';
import { createBrowserHistory } from 'history';

const UNAUTHORIZED = 401;

  response => response,
  error => {
    const {status} = error.response;
    if (status === UNAUTHORIZED) {
    return Promise.reject(error);

export default axios;

Also, if you want to intercept any request to add token stored in LocalStorage:

let user = JSON.parse(localStorage.getItem('user'));

var authToken = "";
if (user && user.token)
  authToken = 'Bearer ' + user.token;

axios.defaults.headers.common = {'Authorization': `${authToken}`}

To use it, instead of importing from 'axios', import from 'axiosAuthenticated' like this:

import axios from 'utils/axiosAuthenticated'

I just encountered this same issue, and following is the solution I used to solve this problem.

I ended up creating a factory function which returns an object that has all my services functions. In order to call this factory function, an object with the following shape must be provided.

interface History {
    push: (location: string) => void;

Here is a distilled version of my factory function.

const services = {};

function servicesFactory(history: History) {
    const countries = countriesFactory(history);
    const local = {
    Object.keys(local).forEach(key => {
        services[key] = local[key];


Now the file where this function is defined exports 2 things.

1)This factory function

2)the services object.

This is what the countries service looks like.

function countriesFactory(h: History): CountriesService {
    const countries: CountriesService = {
        getCountries() {
            return request<Countries>({
                method: "get",
                endpoint: "/api/countries",
            }, h)
    return countries;

And finally here is what my request function looks like.

function request<T>({ method, endpoint, body }: Request, history: History): Promise<Response<T>> {
    const headers = {
        "token": localStorage.getItem("someToken"),
    const result: Response<T> = {
        data: null,
        error: null,
    return axios({
        url: endpoint,
        data: body,
    }).then(res => { =;
        return result;
    }).catch(e => {
        if (e.response.status === 401) {
            return result;
        } else {
            result.error =;
            return result;

As you can see the request function exepcts to have the history object passed to it which it will get from the service, and the service will get it from the services factory.

Now the cool part is that I only ever have to call this factory function and pass the history object to it once in the entire app. After that I can simply import the services object and use any method on it without having to worry about passing the history object to it.

Here is the code of where I call the services factory function.

const App = (props: RouteComponentProps) => {
  return (
    // my app and routes

Hope someone else who finds this question will find this useful.

Here is a solution that worked for me in latest version(5.2.0)


import { BrowserRouter, Switch } from "react-router-dom";
import { Routes } from "./routes";

export const Router = () => {
  return (
        <Routes />


import React, { createRef } from "react";
import { Route, useHistory } from "react-router-dom";
import { PageOne, PageTwo, PageThree } from "../pages";

export const historyRef = createRef();

export const Routes = () => {
  const history = useHistory();
  historyRef.current = history;

  return (
      <Route exact path="/" component={PageOne} />
      <Route exact path="/route-one" component={PageTwo} />
      <Route exact path="/route-two" component={PageThree} />

And use it as below