How do I use JavaFX 11 in Eclipse?


To most easily get started with JavaFX, use the Oracle-branded release of Java 8 where JavaFX 8 is bundled and easily available.

For technical details, see Using JavaFX in JRE 8. Look to the Linked and Related sections of the web page for many related postings.

Java Modularization

The Java platform is in the process of a sweeping reformulation, known as modularization.

Previously, Java SE (standard edition) was one big monolith of software, ever-growing with more and more being added. No single app ever uses all of it.

A decision was taken to break Java SE into many separate chunks to be defined formally as “modules”. One major benefit is that an app may be bundled with a Java SE runtime composed of only the modules actually needed, with unused modules omitted. See the jlink tool.

As a byproduct of this modularization, some older and less-popular parts such as CORBA are being dropped, to no longer be carried as a standard part of Java (though offered for other parties to pick up if they so decide). Similarly, some Java EE related modules will be removed from Java SE and turned over to the Jakarta EE project, logically a more appropriate home. See JEP 320: Remove the Java EE and CORBA Modules.

The process of modularization and reorganization is a years-long ongoing effort. Much was done in Java 9 and Java 10. Some of the final steps are being done in Java 11.

One of these steps being taken in Java 11 is to cease bundling JavaFX with Java SE. See:

  • The Future work section of the JavaFX Wikipedia page
  • The 2018-03 Oracle blog post, The Future of JavaFX and Other Java Client Roadmap Updates
  • The 2018-03 Oracle white paper, Java Client Roadmap Update
  • The curse, May you live in interesting times

So getting started with JavaFX development right now will be easiest if done with Java 8. The JavaFX libraries are bundled in with Java 8. And you need not learn about modularization, nor need to wrestle your IDE (such as Eclipse) and project settings to recognize modules. If you do not have a pressing need to use the very last versions of Java or JavaFX, stick with 8 until the modularization process and tools gets smoothed out, likely next year 2019.

If you insist on using Java 11, you need to learn about:

  • Java modularization in general, including the file.
  • Updating your IDE (Eclipse, etc.) and other tools to later versions supporting both modularization and Java 11.
  • Configuring modules in your build tools, such as Maven or Gradle
  • Configuring modules in your IDE, such as Eclipse
  • Downloading JavaFX modules, or using a dependency manager such as Maven to do so

Those points are too much to cover here, and have been covered in many other Questions on Stack Overflow. Besides, Java 11 has not yet been formally released.

Perhaps this article will help, How to Create a Project With JavaFX on JDK 11.

To learn much more about Java modularization, read the blog and the book, The Java Module System, by Nicolai Parlog.

There are multiple points in your post which needs clarification. I will try to answer them in different bullet points:

But as far as I understood, it(JavaFX) was excluded from JDK 9.

JavaFX will be decoupled from Oracle JDK starting JDK 11. I stress on Oracle JDK because JavaFX was never a part of OpenJDK. Not even in OpenJDK 8.

I'm actually using OpenJDK 11 on Ubuntu 18 (Though eclipse writes I have JavaSE 10 environment, that is where I'm also a bit confused)

For Java 11 support in Eclipse, you need to install Java 11 Support for Eclipse Photon plugin.

Here are a few Examples on how to run Java 11 applications in Eclipse

I installed openjfx using sudo apt install openjfx and I can't make eclipse work with JavaFX.

I'm not sure if there's any sense not to use JDK 8 with included JavaFX, but anyway, how can I use JavaFX in such conditions in eclipse?

Since OpenJDK 11 or Oracle JDK 11 will not come bundled with JavaFX, your best bet is to either download the JavaFX SDK from here or here and load them in your IDE.

If you are used to build tools, you can directly use the JavaFX runtime jars which are available in Maven Central.

For a tutorial on how to run JavaFX 11 on OpenJDK 11, you can follow:

  • Getting Started with JavaFX 11
  • JavaFX on JDK 11

JavaFX 11 and Eclipse

At the time of writing this post, you need Eclipse 4.9M3 to work with JavaFX 11.

Once you have eclipse, JDK 11 and JavaFX 11 SDK, you can either opt to create:

  • Module based project
  • Non-module based project (No required)

Module based Project

Create a Java project and add JavaFX jars from the Java FX 11 SDK to the module path of the project.

enter image description here

Create a and declare its dependency of javafx.controls module. javafx11 is the name of the package which contains your Java file.

module javafx11 {
    requires javafx.controls;
    exports javafx11;

Run the program \o/

Non-module based Project

Create a Java project and add JavaFX jars from the Java FX 11 SDK to either the module-path or classpath of the project.

Add the following JVM args to the run configuration of the project:

--module-path=path-to-javafx-skd/lib --add-modules=javafx.controls

Run the program \o/

I've had to struggle through this on about 20 computers now, so I made the following checklist:

[ ] download javafx11 from javafx11's website, put on desktop
[ ] create a MODULE based project
[ ] right click project, go to BUILD PATH
[ ] add the downloaded javafx.base/control/graphics as external jar files
[ ] put the files in a package (eg: my_big_package)
[ ] put the following in the file:
module javafx11 {
    requires javafx.controls;
    exports my_big_package;
[ ] eat a donut from the break room

If you're not married to Eclipse and/or just trying to learn (or are a student with an unhelpful professor/TAs), BlueJ currently has JavaFX already built into it and ready to go, so no extra setup or download is necessary. Neat!