How do I list the roles associated with a gcp service account?
To filter on a specific service account, the following gcloud commmand does the trick:
gcloud projects get-iam-policy <YOUR GCLOUD PROJECT> \
--filter="bindings.members:<YOUR SERVICE ACCOUNT>"
Gives the nice output:
The format param can of course be tweaked to suit your specific needs.
In Google Cloud you have IAM policies for projects and for service accounts.
With IAM policies for the project you define who can perform a specific action on a resource in your Google Cloud project. Adding the ´Viewer´ Role to your service account you modified the project policy (i.e. what your service account can do inside the project)
On the other hand the IAM policies for service accounts is used to control who has the ownership and who can access to the service accounts and their settings. This is what you were retrieving with the command you posted, but you were not obtaining anything as you were getting the policy for the service account instead of the one for the project.
In order to get the IAM policy for the project that will contain the members and their corresponding roles you can run the following command:
gcloud projects get-iam-policy PROJECT_ID
You can find further information about service accounts in the following links:
You can use this command to list resources and roles assigned to a service account:
gcloud beta asset search-all-iam-policies --scope=organizations/123 --query="policy:[email protected]" | egrep "role:|resource:|gserviceaccount"
You can change scope to a folder or a project as long as you have the cloudasset.assets.searchAllIamPolicies permission upon the scope.
More details: How to list, find, or search iam policies across services (APIs), resource types, and projects in google cloud platform (GCP)?