How can I use locate only for a directory
mlocate installed. It is the default distributed by RedHat, so it will be on Fedora, RHEL, CentOS. From
-b, --basename Match only the base name against the specified patterns. This is the opposite of --wholename.
So if you run
locate -b '/Dropknot', it will only report files or directories with exactly that string.
There is no option to use
locate to find selected type of file (like directory), but you can use syntax from your question -
Dropnot$ to find lines that ends with
Dropnot. For that you must use
-e option to locate to turn on POSIX regular expression.
In this case you should use:
locate -e Dropnot$
It is important what version of locate you have. In my system (Gentoo Linux) I have Secure Locate:
$ locate --version Secure Locate 3.1 - Released March 7, 2006
in which there is no
--basename option from
uther's answer. This option is provided by GNU Locate from findutils package:
$ ./locate --version locate (GNU findutils) 4.4.2
If you want to use regexp with GNU Locate you should use
-r switch instead
With GNU locate (other locate implementations might differ):
locate '*/Dropnot' locate Dropnot | grep '/Dropnot$'
When there is no wildcard in the argument,
locate looks for a path having the specified search term as a substring. When the argument is a shell pattern containing one or more wildcard characters,
locate looks for a complete match. If you don't want to output the
/Dropnot at the end:
locate -0 '*/Dropnot' | xargs -0 -n1 dirname locate Dropnot | sed -n 's:/Dropnot$::p'