Google Chrome: Import/Export Passwords?

You can also use this standalone tool called chromepass

ChromePass is a small password recovery tool that allows you to view the user names and passwords stored by Google Chrome Web browser.

There is a option to export into your keepass password manager too.

Note: If you feel unsafe to use third-party tools, get script from here and run yourself.

Enable password export in Chrome by going to chrome://flags/#password-import-export, then you can export it to CSV file.

Source: How to Export and Import passwords in Chrome browser.

As Neal said, the folder User Data is the one to look for. If you want a software solution try the extension Lastpass (or at the Google site). It allows you to save and restore password in Google Chrome as well as in Firefox, IE and Safari.