Wordpress - Get terms by taxonomy AND post_type

Solution:

So it just happens that I needed something like that for a project I'm working on. I simply wrote a query to select all posts of a custom type, then I check what are the actual terms of my taxonomy they are using.

Then I got all terms of that taxonomy using get_terms() and then I only used those that were in both of the lists, wrapped it up in a function and I was done.

But then I needed more then just the ID's: I needed the names so I added a new argument named $fields so I could tell the function what to return. Then I figured that get_terms accepts many arguments and my function was limited to simply terms that are being used by a post type so I added one more if statement and there you go:

The Function:

/* get terms limited to post type 
 @ $taxonomies - (string|array) (required) The taxonomies to retrieve terms from. 
 @ $args  -  (string|array) all Possible Arguments of get_terms http://codex.wordpress.org/Function_Reference/get_terms
 @ $post_type - (string|array) of post types to limit the terms to
 @ $fields - (string) What to return (default all) accepts ID,name,all,get_terms. 
 if you want to use get_terms arguments then $fields must be set to 'get_terms'
*/
function get_terms_by_post_type($taxonomies,$args,$post_type,$fields = 'all'){
    $args = array(
        'post_type' => (array)$post_type,
        'posts_per_page' => -1
    );
    $the_query = new WP_Query( $args );
    $terms = array();
    while ($the_query->have_posts()){
        $the_query->the_post();
        $curent_terms = wp_get_object_terms( $post->ID, $taxonomy);
        foreach ($curent_terms as $t){
          //avoid duplicates
            if (!in_array($t,$terms)){
                $terms[] = $c;
            }
        }
    }
    wp_reset_query();
    //return array of term objects
    if ($fields == "all")
        return $terms;
    //return array of term ID's
    if ($fields == "ID"){
        foreach ($terms as $t){
            $re[] = $t->term_id;
        }
        return $re;
    }
    //return array of term names
    if ($fields == "name"){
        foreach ($terms as $t){
            $re[] = $t->name;
        }
        return $re;
    }
    // get terms with get_terms arguments
    if ($fields == "get_terms"){
        $terms2 = get_terms( $taxonomies, $args );
        foreach ($terms as $t){
            if (in_array($t,$terms2)){
                $re[] = $t;
            }
        }
        return $re;
    }
}

Usage:

If you only need a list of term id's then:

$terms = get_terms_by_post_type('tag','','snippet','ID');

If you only need a list of term names then:

$terms = get_terms_by_post_type('tag','','snippet','name');

If you only need a list of term objects then:

$terms = get_terms_by_post_type('tag','','snippet');

And if you need to use extra arguments of get_terms like: orderby, order, hierarchical ...

$args = array('orderby' => 'count', 'order' => 'DESC',  'hide_empty' => 1);
$terms = get_terms_by_post_type('tag',$args,'snippet','get_terms');

Enjoy!

Update:

To fix the term count to specific post type change:

foreach ($current_terms as $t){
          //avoid duplicates
            if (!in_array($t,$terms)){
                $terms[] = $t;
            }
        }

to:

foreach ($current_terms as $t){
    //avoid duplicates
    if (!in_array($t,$terms)){
        $t->count = 1;
        $terms[] = $t;
    }else{
        $key = array_search($t, $terms);
        $terms[$key]->count = $terms[$key]->count + 1;
    }
}

Here is another way to do something similar, with one SQL query:

static public function get_terms_by_post_type( $taxonomies, $post_types ) {

    global $wpdb;

    $query = $wpdb->prepare(
        "SELECT t.*, COUNT(*) from $wpdb->terms AS t
        INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_taxonomy AS tt ON t.term_id = tt.term_id
        INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_relationships AS r ON r.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id
        INNER JOIN $wpdb->posts AS p ON p.ID = r.object_id
        WHERE p.post_type IN('%s') AND tt.taxonomy IN('%s')
        GROUP BY t.term_id",
        join( "', '", $post_types ),
        join( "', '", $taxonomies )
    );

    $results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );

    return $results;

}

Great question and solid answers.

I really liked the approach by @jessica using the terms_clauses filter, because it extends the get_terms function in a very reasonable way.

My code is a continuation of her idea, with some sql from @braydon to reduce duplicates. It also allows for an array of post_types:

/**
 * my_terms_clauses
 *
 * filter the terms clauses
 *
 * @param $clauses array
 * @param $taxonomy string
 * @param $args array
 * @return array
 **/
function my_terms_clauses($clauses, $taxonomy, $args)
{
  global $wpdb;

  if ($args['post_types'])
  {
    $post_types = implode("','", array_map('esc_sql', (array) $args['post_types']));

    // allow for arrays
    if ( is_array($args['post_types']) ) {
      $post_types = implode( "','", $args['post_types'] );
    }
    $clauses['join'] .= " INNER JOIN $wpdb->term_relationships AS r ON r.term_taxonomy_id = tt.term_taxonomy_id INNER JOIN $wpdb->posts AS p ON p.ID = r.object_id";
    $clauses['where'] .= " AND p.post_type IN ('". $post_types. "') GROUP BY t.term_id";
  }
  return $clauses;
}
add_filter('terms_clauses', 'my_terms_clauses', 99999, 3);

Because get_terms doesn't have a clause for GROUPY BY, I had to add it to the end of the WHERE clause. Notice that I have the filter priority set very-high, in hopes it will always go last.