Django raising 404 with a message

Raise an Http404 exception inside a view. It's usually done when you catch a DoesNotExist exception. For example:

from django.http import Http404

def article_view(request, slug):
        entry = Article.objects.get(slug=slug)
    except Article.DoesNotExist:
        raise Http404()
    return render(request, 'news/article.html', {'article': entry, })

Even better, use get_object_or_404 shortcut:

from django.shortcuts import get_object_or_404

def article_view(request):
    article = get_object_or_404(MyModel, pk=1)
    return render(request, 'news/article.html', {'article': entry, })

If you'd like to customize the default 404 Page not found response, put your own template called 404.html to the templates folder.

Generally there should not be any custom messages in 404 errors bu if you want to implement it you can do this using django middlewares.


from django.http import Http404, HttpResponse

class Custom404Middleware(object):
    def process_exception(self, request, exception):
        if isinstance(exception, Http404):
            # implement your custom logic. You can send
            # http response with any template or message
            # here. unicode(exception) will give the custom
            # error message that was passed.
            msg = unicode(exception)
            return HttpResponse(msg, status=404)

Middlewares Settings

    # Uncomment the next line for simple clickjacking protection:
    # 'django.middleware.clickjacking.XFrameOptionsMiddleware',

This will do the trick. Correct me if I am doing any thing wrong. Hope this helps.

Yes we can show specific exception message when raise Http404.

Pass some exception message like this

raise Http404('Any kind of message ')

Add 404.html page into templates directory.



In general, 404 error is "page not found" error - it should not have customizable messages, simply because it should be raised only when a page is not found.

You can return a TemplateResponse with status parameter set to 404