Debian jessie nginx with openssl 1.0.2 to use ALPN rather than NPN

Solution 1:

Update 2016/08/08: nginx in jessie-backports (version 1.9.10-1~bpo8+3 was built against openssl >= 1.0.2~. Getting ALPN working now if running jessie just requires the packages out of jessie-backports, no need anymore to pull packages out of stretch.


Original answer: Well, here goes my answer, according to the comments: In my opinion, there aren't that many ways to solve this as of today, 2016/05/09. Basically you've to try somehow to get a modern nginx into your system, compiled against >= openssl 1.0.2~.

The only two options I see currently: Either you compile for yourself, which you don't want to do, which is quite understandable, or you pull in modern packages out of Debian stretch into your system. This involves some risks, because you're mixing a stable environment with another one, but in my opinion these risks are quite low, because you're using Debian.

So, let's go and try out this:

  • Add the Debian stretch repository to your apt sources. Don't use /etc/apt/sources.list for this, but instead use a dedicated file inside /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ to keep it clean, personally I'm using stretch.list.

    Put these lines inside there:

    deb stretch main contrib non-free
    deb-src stretch main contrib non-free
    deb stretch/updates main contrib non-free
    deb-src stretch/updates main contrib non-free
    # stretch-updates, previously known as 'volatile'
    deb stretch-updates main contrib non-free
    deb-src stretch-updates main contrib non-free
  • Set up apt pinning to make sure you only pull in packages out of Debian stretch which you're specifying. The file to use for this is /etc/apt/preferences, inside there, put:

    Package: *
    Pin: release n=jessie
    Pin-Priority: 900
    Package: * 
    Pin: release a=jessie-backports
    Pin-Priority: 500
    Package: *
    Pin: release n=stretch
    Pin-Priority: 100

    (You might have to alter the suites and priorities to fit your environment.)

  • Run apt-get update (via sudo / as root) to update the package cache.

  • Install nginx from Debian stretch: apt-get install -t stretch nginx (do this via sudo / as root). Profit!

  • As I described in my comment(s), to even lower the risks involved, you could use something like a chroot or a container-solution like LXC. In case you want to go the chroot way, you have to set up a network interface inside there: To do this, have a look at this blogpost for example, which gives an introduction to network namespaces.

  • Hope this helps; in case you've got more question, feel free to contact me. I would appreciate feedback and I'm interested in how it goes.

Solution 2:

Another method is to install OpenSSL 1.0.2 from jessie-backports and use Ubuntu 16.04 LTS builds from nginx's own repository. That way you're at least using an OpenSSL package built for Jessie.

Add to /etc/apt/sources.list:

# jessie-backports, from stretch-level but with no dependencies
deb jessie-backports main contrib non-free
deb-src jessie-backports main contrib non-free

# Nginx repository - use Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial to get packages compiled with OpenSSL 1.0.2
deb xenial nginx
deb-src xenial nginx

Then run:

apt-get update
apt-get install -t jessie-backports openssl
apt-get install nginx

This obviously puts you into an officially unsupported configuration, but perhaps that's better than not having a package at all - and it worked for me. Plus, using nginx's repo means you get fresh updates.