cp without overwriting destination permissions

Solution 1:

If you've only opened the manual for cp...

The next will not overwrite the file permissions and ownership + groupship:

cp --no-preserve=mode,ownership /tmp/file /home/file

Note that root privileges are needed if you want to preserve the ownership and groupship.

An excerpt from the manual:

      preserve   the   specified   attributes   (default:  mode,owner-
      ship,timestamps), if possible  additional  attributes:  context,
      links, xattr, all

Solution 2:

cat will work, too:

cat /tmp/file > /home/file