Chemistry - Computing the commutator of the Fock and density matrices in AO basis (Hartree-Fock theory)

Solution 1:

Start from the AO Hartree-Fock equation and its adjoint $$\mathbf{F}^{AO}\mathbf{T}=\mathbf{S}\mathbf{T}\epsilon \text{ and } \mathbf{T^\dagger}\mathbf{F}^{AO}=\epsilon\mathbf{T^\dagger}\mathbf{S}$$

where $\mathbf{T}$ is an $N\times n$ matrix that is essentially the occupied block of $\mathbf{C}$ ($n$ is occupied, $N$ is total orbitals). We use this $\mathbf{T}$ matrix because it has the convenient property that


Now, we can multiply the HF equation by $\mathbf{T^\dagger}\mathbf{S}$ on the right and multiply its adjoint by $\mathbf{S}\mathbf{T}$ on the left, which gives



Subtracting the first equation from the second and yields the desired commutator relationship.


The notation I use here is based on a similar derivation given in Chapter 6 of McWeeny's Methods of Molecular Quantum Mechanics, 2nd edition.

Solution 2:

Starting from statement that the Fock matrix and the density matrix commute in an orthonormal basis. $$ [\mathbf{F}, \mathbf{D}] = \mathbf{FD} - \mathbf{DF} = \mathbf{0} $$ The orthonormal basis matrices can be substituted for their equivalents in an atomic orbital basis \begin{align} \mathbf{F} = {} & \mathbf{X}^\dagger \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{X} \\ \implies \mathbf{F}^{AO} = {} & \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} \mathbf{F} \mathbf{X}^{-1}\\ \mathbf{D}^{AO} = {} & \mathbf{X} \mathbf{D} \mathbf{X}^\dagger \\ \implies \mathbf{D} = {} & \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} \end{align}

where $\mathbf{X}$ is an orthogonalisation matrix. : \begin{align} [\mathbf{F}, \mathbf{D}] = {} & \mathbf{FD} - \mathbf{DF} = \mathbf{0} \\ = {} & \mathbf{X}^\dagger \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{X} \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} - \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} \mathbf{X}^\dagger \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{X} \\ = {} & \mathbf{X}^\dagger \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} - \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{X} \end{align}

When $\mathbf{X} = \mathbf{S}^{-\frac{1}{2}}$, pre and postmultiplying by $\mathbf{X}^{-1} = \mathbf{S}^{\frac{1}{2}}$:

\begin{align} \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{0} \mathbf{X}^{-1} = {} & \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{X}^\dagger \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \left[\mathbf{X}^\dagger\right]^{-1} \mathbf{X}^{-1} - \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{X}^{-1} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{X} \mathbf{X}^{-1} \\ \mathbf{0} = {} & \mathbf{F}^{AO} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \mathbf{S} - \mathbf{S} \mathbf{D}^{AO} \mathbf{F}^{AO} \end{align}

as you have suggested.