Cannot resolve ViewModelProvider construction in a fragment?

Firstly you need to use the latest version of lifecycle extension. It should be:

implementation 'androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-extensions:2.2.0'
implementation "androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-viewmodel:2.2.0" 

or any updated version.

Then you should use requireActivity() instead of getActivity(). This way you will ensure that the activity is attached an not getting a NullPointerException.

ItemSetupFragmentModel model = new ViewModelProvider(requireActivity()).get(ItemSetupFragmentModel.class);

Note: ViewModel Overview and Declaring Dependencies

I had to restart cache after adding the library to the Gradle file. There is no need to use requireActivity(), this is enough.

The cleanest implementation must use Kotlin for its advanced functions. You can either create this kotlin code in a separate Kclass or leave this answer for future users that want to know how to do this in Kotlin. Basically we are initialising the ViewModel by lazy like this:

Make sure you have this dependency:

implementation "androidx.fragment:fragment-ktx:1.2.0"

Create this helper function that accesses an internal fragment-ktx method that allows yo to create a ViewModel instance by lazy:

inline fun <reified VM : ViewModel> Fragment.fragmentViewModel() =
        { this.viewModelStore },
        { ViewModelFactory(Database.getDatabase(requireContext().applicationContext)) }

Now create a ViewModelFactory using this official java example:

Or, here is the Kotlin variant:

class ViewModelFactory(private val database: Database?) : ViewModelProvider.Factory {

    override fun <T : ViewModel> create(modelClass: Class<T>): T {

        requireNotNull(database) { "Database must not be null" }

        return when {

            modelClass.isAssignableFrom( -> {
                ItemSetupFragmentModel() as T

            else -> {
                throw IllegalArgumentException("Unknown ViewModel class")

And now go inside your fragment and simply initialise your ViewModel like this

class ItemSetupFragment : Fragment() {

    private val model by viewModel<ItemSetupFragmentModel>()

    override fun onViewCreated(view: View, savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onViewCreated(view, savedInstanceState)

        model.getKids().observe(this, users -> {
            // update UI

Hope this helps!

You aren't using the latest library release in which the ViewModelProvider(@NonNull ViewModelStoreOwner owner) constructor was included. You are seeing the latest docs but not using the latest library version of ViewModel. You need to use

    implementation 'androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-viewmodel:2.2.0' // For Java


    implementation 'androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-viewmodel-ktx:2.2.0' // For kotlin extension