Why calloc() function is used in C programs ? Allocate specified number of bytes Allocate specified number of bytes and initialize them to zero It free up the allocated memory space It expand or shrink the allocated memory space code example

Example: n no of array in c using malloc

#include <stdio.h>

int main()
    printf("\n\n\t\tStudytonight - Best place to learn\n\n\n");
    int n, i, *ptr, sum = 0;

    printf("\n\nEnter number of elements: ");
    scanf("%d", &n);

    // dynamic memory allocation using malloc()
    ptr = (int *) malloc(n*sizeof(int));

    if(ptr == NULL) // if empty array
        printf("\n\nError! Memory not allocated\n");
        return 0;   // end of program

    printf("\n\nEnter elements of array: \n\n");
    for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
        // storing elements at contiguous memory locations
        scanf("%d", ptr+i);    
        sum = sum + *(ptr + i);

    // printing the array elements using pointer to the location
    printf("\n\nThe elements of the array are: ");
    for(i = 0; i < n; i++)
        printf("%d  ",ptr[i]);    // ptr[i] is same as *(ptr + i)

        freeing memory of ptr allocated by malloc 
        using the free() method

    printf("\n\n\t\t\tCoding is Fun !\n\n\n");
    return 0;


C Example